From the exhibition:
Imagining Mexico: From the Aztec Empire to Colonial New Spain
New Mexico History Museum
Tlaxcala scene. Lienzo de Tlaxcala [Tlaxcala Codex], Lithograph c. 1892 (Genaro Lopéz, active 1890s)
As guests in Tenochtitlan, the Spanish forces under Pedro de Alvarado slaughtered a group of noble Aztec dancers. The city revolted, and Moctezuma II died under mysterious circumstances. Cortés evacuated the city on June 30, 1520, during the Noche Triste (Sad Night). Some 600 Spaniards (about half of Cortés' army) and 4,000 native allies were killed while trying to flee down the shortest causeway to the mainland. This image shows King Xicotencatl the Elder receiving Cortés at Tlaxcala, where the battered army fled. The sun shield standard between them symbolizes Cortés’ and his allies’ planning of their final siege of Tenochtitlan.
Homenaje á Cristóbal Colón. (Antigüedades mexicanas); publicadas por la Junta colombina de México en el cuarto centenario del descubrimiento de América. Mexico City: Oficina tipográfica de la Secretaría de fomento, 1892. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library NMHM, John Bourne Collection 972 MexH
Note: Representative image at left is often cropped for display purposes. Downloaded high-resolution images are not cropped.